HL1406 Space Shuttle "first mission" mission STS-1, OV-102 "Columbia", April 12, 1981
The U.S. Space Shuttle program started with the awarding of the contract to Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division. There were 6 shuttles built, Enterprise OV-101 (Orbital Vehicle) for testing, Columbia OV-102, Challenger OV-099, Discovery OV-103, Atlantis OV-104 and Endeavour OV-105. The first of 135 Space Shuttle missions took place April 12, 1981 and lasted 2 days 6 hours when STS-1 (Space Transportation System) was launched using Space Shuttle Columbia. Of the 135 mission launches there were 2 tragedies when Columbia and Challenger plus their crews were lost. On July 26, 1972 North American Rockwell was awarded to build the space shuttle with the fabrication of the aft section beginning on March 25, 1975. It wasn't until April 12, 1981 that Columbia made its first flight STS-1 returning Edwards AFB on April 14, 1981. On January 16, 2003 Columbia made its 28th and what would be its last launch. On February 1, 2003, during re- entry a missing heat shield tile went unnoticed and Columbia was destroyed killing all seven astronauts onboard. Since its first flight Columbia had travelled 201,497,772 km (125,204,911 miles) 1/200 scale die-cast metal with minimal use of plastic. All markings are tampo (pad) applied, no decals to discolor or flake. With space lab interior Bay doors can open Robotic arm can be posed Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) Canadarm Landing gear can be removed or added. Model comes with a display stand. A brief history of the model.